gain

gain
gain1 W2S2 [geın] v
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1¦(get something)¦
2¦(get gradually)¦
3¦(advantage)¦
4¦(increase)¦
5 gain access/entry/admittance etc (to something)
6 gain an understanding/insight/impression etc
7 gain ground
8 gain time
9¦(clock)¦
10¦(arrive)¦
Phrasal verbs
 gain on somebody/something
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[Date: 1400-1500; : French; Origin: gagner, from Old French gaaignier 'to prepare the ground for growing crops, earn, gain']
1.) ¦(GET SOMETHING)¦ [T]
to obtain or achieve something you want or need
gain control/power
Radical left-wing parties gained control of local authorities.
After gaining independence in 1957, it was renamed 'Ghana'.
gain a degree/qualification etc
He gained a doctorate in Chemical Engineering.
2.) ¦(GET GRADUALLY)¦ [I and T]
to gradually get more and more of a quality, feeling etc, especially a useful or valuable one
She has gained a reputation as a good communicator.
Many of his ideas have gained popular support .
an opportunity to gain experience in a work environment
The youngsters gradually gain confidence in their abilities.
gain in
The sport has gained in popularity in recent years.
3.) ¦(ADVANTAGE)¦ [I and T]
to get an advantage from a situation, opportunity, or event
gain (sth) from (doing) sth
There is much to be gained from seeking expert advice early.
an attempt to gain a competitive advantage over their rivals
Who really stands to gain (=is likely to get an advantage) from these tax cuts?
There's nothing to be gained (=it will not help you) by losing your temper.
4.) ¦(INCREASE)¦ [T]
to increase in weight, speed, height, or value
Carrie's gained a lot of weight recently.
The dollar has gained 8% against the yen.
5.) gain access/entry/admittance etc (to sth)
to manage to enter a place, building, or organization
New ramps will help the disabled gain better access.
methods used by burglars to gain entry to houses
6.) gain an understanding/insight/impression etc
to learn or find out about something
gain an understanding/insight/impression etc of
We are hoping to gain a better understanding of the underlying process.
This enabled me to gain an overall impression of the school.
7.) gain ground
to make steady progress and become more popular, more successful etc
The anti-smoking lobby has steadily gained ground in the last decade.
8.) gain time
to deliberately do something to give yourself more time to think
lose time
9.) ¦(CLOCK)¦ [I and T]
if a clock or watch gains, or if it gains time, it goes too fast
≠ ↑lose
10.)¦(ARRIVE)¦ [T]
literary to reach a place after a lot of effort or difficulty
The swimmer finally gained the river bank.
nothing ventured, nothing gained atventure2 (3)
gain on / [gain on sb/sth] phr v
to gradually get closer to a person, car etc that you are chasing
Quick - they're gaining on us!
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WORD CHOICE: gain, earn, get
Do not use gain to mean 'get money for work you do'. Use earn : people earning less than £10,000 per year | How much does he earn?
Gain means to get something useful or necessary, whether or not you deserve it : I have gained a lot of useful experience. | Her problems seem to have gained her more support from the public.
Use earn rather than gain to say that you get something because you deserve it : Through hard work you will earn the respect of your colleagues.
Get can be used as a less formal way of saying gain or earn : I get $20 an hour. | He has started to get a reputation for being awkward.
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gain 2
gain2 W3 n
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1¦(advantage )¦
2¦(increase)¦
3¦(profit)¦
4 ill-gotten gains
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1.) ¦(ADVANTAGE )¦
an advantage or improvement, especially one achieved by planning or effort
The party made considerable gains at local elections.
gain in
substantial gains in efficiency
gain from
the potential gains from improved marketing
gain to/for
There are obvious gains for the student.
2.) ¦(INCREASE)¦ [U and C]
an increase in the amount or level of something
≠ ↑loss gain in
a gain in weekly output
gain of
Retail sales showed a gain of 0.4%.
The Democratic Party needed a net gain of only 20 votes.
Eating too many fatty goods could cause weight gain .
3.) ¦(PROFIT)¦[U]
financial profit, especially when this seems to be the only thing someone is interested in
≠ ↑loss
financial/economic/capital etc gain
They are seeking to realize the maximum financial gain.
gain of
a pre-tax gain of $20 million
for gain
Such research should not be for personal gain.
4.) ill-gotten gains
money or advantages obtained dishonestly - used humorously

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • gain — gain …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • gain — [ gɛ̃ ] n. m. • XIIe; de gagner 1 ♦ Littér. Action de gagner. Le gain d une bataille. ⇒ succès, victoire. Le gain d un procès. Cour. Avoir, obtenir gain de cause. Absolt Chances égales de gain et de perte. 2 ♦ Ce qu on gagne; profit, bénéfice… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gain — n 1: an increase in value, capital, or amount compare loss capital gain: a gain realized on the sale or exchange of a capital asset (as a stock or real estate) ca·su·al·ty gain: a gain realized by an insured because property insurance benefits… …   Law dictionary

  • gain — GAIN. s. m. Profit, lucre. Grand gain. petit gain. gain mediocre. gain sordide, illicite, deshonneste. travailler pour le gain. faire à moitié de gain. entrer avec quelqu un à moitié de gain & de perte. à perte & à gain. apporter grand gain.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Gain — Gain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gained} (g[=a]nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Gaining}.] [From gain, n. but. prob. influenced by F. gagner to earn, gain, OF. gaaignier to cultivate, OHG. weidin[=o]n, weidinen to pasture, hunt, fr. weida pasturage, G. weide,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gain — (g[=a]n), n. [OE. gain, gein, ga[yogh]hen, gain, advantage, Icel. gagn; akin to Sw. gagn, Dan. gavn, cf. Goth. gageigan to gain. The word was prob. influenced by F. gain gain, OF. gaain. Cf. {Gain}, v. t.] 1. That which is gained, obtained, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gain — gain1 [gān] n. [ME < OFr gaaigne < gaaignier: see GAIN1 the vt.] 1. an increase; addition; specif., a) [often pl.] an increase in wealth, earnings, etc.; profit; winnings b) an increase in advantage; advantage; improvement 2. the act of… …   English World dictionary

  • Gain — Gain, v. i. To have or receive advantage or profit; to acquire gain; to grow rich; to advance in interest, health, or happiness; to make progress; as, the sick man gains daily. [1913 Webster] Thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbors by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gain — ist das englische Wort für Verstärkung (Physik), wird in der Technik verwendet die Eingangsverstärkung, etwa bei einem Mischpult oder Gitarrenverstärker der Gain (Mawddach), Quellfluss des Mawddach in Wales eine Namensvariante der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gain — ► VERB 1) obtain or secure. 2) reach or arrive at. 3) (gain on) come closer to (a person or thing pursued). 4) increase the amount or rate of (weight, speed, etc.). 5) increase in value. 6) (gain in) improve o …   English terms dictionary

  • Gain — Gain, a. [OE. gein, gain, good, near, quick; cf. Icel. gegn ready, serviceable, and gegn, adv., against, opposite. Cf. {Ahain}.] Convenient; suitable; direct; near; handy; dexterous; easy; profitable; cheap; respectable. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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